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Linux Weekly News
LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
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CentOS has updated kernel (C6: privilege escalation).
openSUSE has updated GraphicsMagick (Leap42.1; 13.2: multiple vulnerabilities), guile (13.2: two vulnerabilities), guile1 (Leap42.1; 13.2: information disclosure), firefox (Leap42.1, 13.2: two vulnerabilities), qemu (Leap42.1: multiple vulnerabilities), quagga (Leap42.1: stack overrun), and kernel (13.2: multiple vulnerabilities).
Oracle has updated kernel (OL6: privilege escalation).
Scientific Linux has updated kernel (SL6: privilege escalation).
Ubuntu has updated nginx (16.10, 16.04, 14.04: privilege escalation).
Flatpak 0.6.13 has been released. Major changes include a change in command line arguments for install/update/uninstall, application runtime dependencies are checked/downloaded, remote-add and install --from now supports uris, flatpak run can now launch a runtime directly, and more.
CentOS has updated kernel (C7: privilege escalation).
Debian-LTS has updated ghostscript (multiple vulnerabilities).
Mageia has updated php (multiple vulnerabilities).
Oracle has updated kernel (OL7: privilege escalation).
Red Hat has updated bind (RHEL6.2, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7: denial of service).
Scientific Linux has updated kernel (SL7: privilege escalation).
SUSE has updated quagga (SLE12-SP1: stack overrun).
Just about everyone who runs a Unix server on the internet uses SSH for remote access, and almost everyone who does that will be familiar with the log footprints of automated password-guessing bots. Although decently-secure passwords do much to harden a server against such attacks, the costs of dealing with the continual stream of failed logins can be considerable. There are ways to mitigate these costs.
Valgrind 3.12.0 has been released. "3.12.0 is a feature release with many improvements and the usual collection of bug fixes. This release adds support for POWER ISA 3.0, improves instruction set support on ARM32, ARM64 and MIPS, and provides support for the latest common components (kernel, gcc, glibc). There are many smaller refinements and new features. The release notes below give more details." There will be a Valgrind developer room at FOSDEM in Brussels, Belgium, on February 4, 2017. The call for participation is open until December 1.
Arch Linux has updated chromium (multiple vulnerabilities), kernel (privilege escalation), linux-lts (privilege escalation), python-django (cross-site request forgery), and python2-django (cross-site request forgery).
Debian has updated kdepimlibs (HTML injection).
Debian-LTS has updated kdepimlibs (HTML injection).
openSUSE has updated Chromium (Leap42.1, 13.2: multiple vulnerabilities), dbus-1 (Leap42.1: code execution), gd (13.2: denial of service), kdump (Leap42.1: denial of service), php5 (13.2: three vulnerabilities), kernel (Leap42.1; 13.1: multiple vulnerabilities), tor (Leap42.1, 13.2: denial of service), and X (Leap42.1: multiple vulnerabilities).
Oracle has updated bind (OL6; OL5: denial of service), bind97 (OL5: multiple vulnerabilities), and kernel 4.1.12 (OL7; OL6: privilege escalation), kernel 3.8.13 (OL7; OL6: privilege escalation), kernel 2.6.39 (OL6; OL5: privilege escalation).
Red Hat has updated kernel (RHEL7: privilege escalation).
The Linux Foundation's Technical Advisory Board provides the development community (primarily the kernel development community) with a voice in the Foundation's decision-making process. Among other things, the TAB chair holds a seat on the Foundation's board of directors. The next TAB election will be held on November 2 at the Kernel Summit in Santa Fe, NM; five TAB members (½ of the total) will be selected there. The nomination process is open until voting begins; anybody interested in serving on the TAB is encouraged to throw their hat into the ring.
The second 4.9 prepatch is out for testing, and Linus is asking for people to test one feature in particular: "My favorite new feature that I called out in the rc1 announcement (the virtually mapped stacks) is possibly implicated in some crashes that Dave Jones has been trying to figure out, so if you want to be helpful and try to see if you can give more data, please make sure to enable CONFIG_VMAP_STACK."
The 4.8.4, 4.7.10, and 4.4.27 stable updates are out. These would appear to contain the usual fixes. Note that 4.7.10 is the end of the line for the 4.7.x series.
We live in an era of celebrity vulnerabilities; at the moment, an unpleasant kernel bug called "Dirty COW" (or CVE-2016-5195) is taking its turn on the runway. This one is more disconcerting than many due to its omnipresence and the ease with which it can be exploited. But there is also some unhappiness in the wider community about how this vulnerability has been handled by the kernel development community. It may well be time for the kernel project to rethink its approach to serious security problems.
Debian-LTS has updated bind9 (denial of service).
Fedora has updated libgit2 (F23: two vulnerabilities).
openSUSE has updated dbus-1 (13.2: code execution), ghostscript-library (42.1: three vulnerabilities, one from 2013), roundcubemail (42.1: two vulnerabilities), and squidGuard (42.1: cross-site scripting from 2015).
Ubuntu has updated bind9 (12.04: denial of service).
Linux.com interviews Sylvain Zimmer, founder of the Common Search project, which is an effort to create an open web search engine. "Being transparent means that you can actually understand why our top search result came first, and why the second had a lower ranking. This is why people will be able to trust us and be sure we aren't manipulating results. However for this to work, it needs to apply not only to the results themselves but to the whole organization. This is what we mean by 'radical transparency.' Being a nonprofit doesn't automatically clear us of any ulterior motives, we need to go much further. As a community, we will be able to work on the ranking algorithm collaboratively and in the open, because the code is open source and the data is publicly available. We think that this means the trust in the fairness of the results will actually grow with the size of the community."
The security hole fixed in the 4.8.3, 4.7.9, and 4.4.26 stable kernel updates has been dubbed Dirty COW (CVE-2016-5195) by a site devoted to the kernel privilege escalation vulnerability. There is some indication that it is being exploited in the wild. Ars Technica has some additional information. The Red Hat bugzilla entry and advisory are worth looking at as well.
Debian has updated kernel (multiple vulnerabilities, one from 2015).
Scientific Linux has updated java-1.8.0-openjdk (SL7&6: multiple vulnerabilities).
SUSE has updated quagga (SLE11: code execution).
Ubuntu has updated kernel (12.04; 14.04; 16.04; 16.10: privilege escalation), linux-lts-trusty (12.04: privilege escalation), linux-lts-xenial (14.04: privilege escalation), linux-raspi2 (16.04: privilege escalation), linux-snapdragon (16.04: privilege escalation), and linux-ti-omap4 (12.04: privilege escalation).
The 4.8.3, 4.7.9, and 4.4.26 stable kernel updates have been released. There's nothing in the announcements to indicate this, but they all contain a fix for CVE-2016-5195, a bug that can allow local attackers to overwrite files they should not have write access to. So the "all users must upgrade" message seems more than usually applicable this time around.
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for October 20, 2016 is available.
Debian-LTS has updated dwarfutils (multiple vulnerabilities), guile-2.0 (two vulnerabilities), libass (two vulnerabilities), libgd2 (two vulnerabilities), libxv (insufficient validation), and tor (denial of service).
Fedora has updated epiphany (F24: unspecified), ghostscript (F24; F23: multiple vulnerabilities), glibc-arm-linux-gnu (F24: denial of service), guile (F24: two vulnerabilities), libgit2 (F24: two vulnerabilities), openssh (F23: null pointer dereference), qemu (F24: multiple vulnerabilities), and webkitgtk4 (F24: unspecified).
Canonical has announced the availability of a live kernel patch service for the 16.04 LTS release. "It’s the best way to ensure that machines are safe at the kernel level, while guaranteeing uptime, especially for container hosts where a single machine may be running thousands of different workloads." Up to three systems can be patched for free; the service requires a fee thereafter. There is a long FAQ about the service in this blog post; it appears to be based on the mainline live-patching functionality with some Canonical add-ons.
Sebastian Kügler reports on KDE's Plasma team meeting. "We took this opportunity to also look and plan ahead a bit further into the future. In what areas are we lacking, where do we want or need to improve? Where do we want to take Plasma in the next two years?" Specific topics include release schedule changes, UI and theming improvements, feature backlog, Wayland, mobile, and more. (Thanks to Paul Wise)
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