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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
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The X11 replacement protocol Wayland has been in development since 2010. Compared to X11 itself, it is still a relatively new project, but the enthusiasm with which distributions and large software projects announced their intent to support Wayland makes it at least understandable that users would ask how much longer they need to wait before Wayland is made available to them. At GUADEC 2014 in Strasbourg, France, a pair of talks presented the latest status of Wayland support in various GNOME desktop components.
Mandriva has updated apache (BS1.0: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.7.0-openjdk (BS1.0: multiple vulnerabilities), owncloud (BS1.0: undisclosed vulnerability), and phpmyadmin (BS1.0: multiple vulnerabilities).
Oracle has updated kernel (OL6: multiple vulnerabilities).
Red Hat has updated kernel (RHEL6: multiple vulnerabilities).
Scientific Linux has updated kernel (SL6: multiple vulnerabilities).
Version 7.8 of the GDB debugger is out. New features include support for scripting in the Guile language, better Python scripting, support for debugging on little-endian PowerPC64 systems, handling of C99 variable-length arrays, and more.
The LibreOffice 4.3 release is available. New features include improved document interoperability, better comment management, "intuitive spreadsheet handling," 3D models in Impress, and more. See the release notes for details. "LibreOffice 4.3 also supports 'monster' paragraphs exceeding 65,000 characters (an example of an 11 years old bug solved thanks to the modernization of the OOo source code, which is an exclusive function of LibreOffice)."
The Electronic Frontier Foundation is probably best known for its work in the political arena. But the EFF also occasionally tries to make change happen more directly by releasing interesting technologies of its own. The organization's July 20 announcement of the Open Wireless Router project is an example of this type of initiative. Your editor has long been concerned about the state of home (and small business) router software, so it made sense to take a look. What was revealed is a project with some interesting potential — but that potential may take more resources than are currently available to realize.
The openSUSE project has announced that the "Factory" development distribution has been reworked into an independent distribution using a rolling-release model. "With a daily fresh Factory distribution making it easier for those who want to preview and test, we hope to see more users and contributors, leading to faster fixes and even higher quality. Factory is critical as it provides the base technology for openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise, which is used by tens of thousands of organizations around the world."
Debian has updated kernel (multiple vulnerabilities).
Mandriva has updated nss (BS1.0: code execution).
Red Hat has updated kernel (RHEL6.2: privilege escalation).
Ars technica reports on a newly disclosed Android vulnerability. It seems that some apps are hard-coded into the system as having special privileges. "According to Jeff Forristal, CTO of Bluebox Security, Android fails to verify the chain of certificates used to certify an app belongs to this elite class of super privileged programs. As a result, a maliciously developed app can include an invalid certificate claiming it's Flash, Wallet, or any other app hard coded into Android. The OS, in turn, will give the rogue app the same special privileges assigned to the legitimate app without ever taking the time to detect the certificate forgery."
Andrew Hutton, the organizer of the Ottawa Linux Symposium, has put together an Indiegogo campaign to try to raise funds for this event, which has fallen on hard times in recent years. "When I admitted that this year would likely be the last OLS many people expressed a desire to do something to help. This crowdfunding campaign is the best way I could think of to reach out and offer the community a way to help."
Mitchell Baker announced that Chris Beard has been appointed CEO of Mozilla Corp. "Over the years, Chris has led many of Mozilla’s most innovative projects. We have relied on his judgment and advice for nearly a decade. Chris has a clear vision of how to take Mozilla’s mission and turn it into industry-changing products and ideas."
Greg KH has released stable kernels 3.15.7, 3.14.14, 3.10.50, and 3.4.100. All contain important fixes throughout the tree.
Fedora has updated audacious-plugins (F20: denial of service), cinnamon (F20: denial of service), cinnamon-control-center (F20: denial of service), cinnamon-settings-daemon (F20: denial of service), cobbler (F20; F19: path traversal), control-center (F20: denial of service), empathy (F20: denial of service), ffgtk (F20: denial of service), firefox (F19: multiple vulnerabilities), fldigi (F20: denial of service), fluidsynth (F20: denial of service), gnome-settings-daemon (F20: denial of service), gnome-shell (F20: denial of service), gqrx (F20: denial of service), gstreamer1-plugins-good (F20: denial of service), guacamole-server (F20: denial of service), java-1.7.0-openjdk (F20: denial of service), libmikmod (F20: denial of service), minimodem (F20: denial of service), mumble (F20: denial of service), paprefs (F20: denial of service), phonon (F20: denial of service), pulseaudio (F20: denial of service), qemu (F20: denial of service), qmmp (F20: denial of service), qt (F20: denial of service), qt-mobility (F20: denial of service), qt5-qtmultimedia (F20: denial of service), sidplayfp (F20: denial of service), speech-dispatcher (F20: denial of service), sphinxtrain (F20: denial of service), spice-gtk (F20: denial of service), thunderbird (F20: multiple vulnerabilities), xmp (F20: denial of service), and zarafa (F20; F19: information disclosure).
Gentoo has updated openssl (multiple vulnerabilities).
Mageia has updated asterisk (multiple vulnerabilities), avidemux (undisclosed vulnerabilities), cacti (MG4: multiple vulnerabilities), dbus (two denial of service flaws), java-1.7.0-openjdk (multiple vulnerabilities), live555, vlc, mplayer (code execution), mariadb (unidentified vulnerabilities), nss, firefox, thunderbird (multiple vulnerabilities), owncloud (undisclosed vulnerability), pidgin (code execution), ruby-actionpack (MG4: two vulnerabilities), and transmission (code execution).
Oracle has updated kernel (OL5: two vulnerabilities).
Linus has released 3.16-rc7. "We obviously *do* have various real fixes in here, but none of them look all that special or worrisome. And rc7 is finally noticeably smaller than previous rc's, so we clearly are calming down. So unlike my early worries, this might well be the last rc, we'll see how next week looks/feels."
The CoreOS developers have announced the release of version 367.1.0 of the CoreOS distribution; this is the first version deemed to be stable and ready for production. "Please note: The stable release is not including etcd and fleet as stable, this release is only targeted at the base OS and Docker 1.0. etcd/fleet stable support will be in subsequent releases." LWN looked at CoreOS last April.
LWN editor Nathan Willis is giving a keynote talk at the upcoming GUADEC (GNOME Users and Developers European Conference) and was interviewed by GNOME News. Willis's talk is titled "Should We Teach The Robot To Kill" and will look at free software and the automotive industry. "And, finally, my ultimate goal would be to persuade some people that the free-software community can — and should — take up the challenge and view the car as a first-rate environment where free software belongs. Because there will naturally be lots of little gaps where the different corporate projects don’t quite have every angle covered. But we don’t have to wait for other giant companies to come along and finish the job. We can get involved now, and if we do, then the next generation of automotive software will be stronger for it, both in terms of features and in terms of free-software ideals." GUADEC is being held in Strasbourg, France July 26–August 1.
On his blog, Sebastian Kügler looks at what's left to be done for KDE's Plasma desktop to support Wayland. He discusses why the project cares about Wayland, what it means to support Wayland, the current status, the strategy for further work, and how interested folks can get involved. "One of the important topics which we have (kind of) excluded from Plasma’s recent 5.0 release is support for Wayland. The reason is that much of the work that has gone into renovating our graphics stack was also needed in preparation for Wayland support in Plasma. In order to support Wayland systems properly, we needed to lift the software stack to Qt5, make X11 dependencies in our underlying libraries, Frameworks 5 optional. This part is pretty much done. We now need to ready support for non-X11 systems in our workspace components, the window manager and compositor, and the workspace shell."
Fedora has updated httpd (F20: multiple vulnerabilities), ipython (F20; F19: code execution), java-1.7.0-openjdk (F19: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.8.0-openjdk (F20; F19: multiple vulnerabilities), and kernel (F19: multiple vulnerabilities).
Red Hat has updated openstack-nova (OSP5.0: information disclosure), openstack-swift (OSP5.0: cross-site scripting), python-django-horizon (OSP5.0: three vulnerabilities), and qemu-kvm-rhev (OSP4.0, OSP3.0: multiple vulnerabilities).
At yesterday's Fedora Engineering Steering Committee (FESCo) meeting, the release of Fedora 21 was delayed by three weeks (FESCo ticket), with the final release now scheduled for November 4. There are some problems with "test composes" of the release (creating test ISO images) that mean the deadline for the alpha release would be missed. The original plan was to delay for two weeks, but that put the freeze just before the Flock conference, so it was decided to push out an additional week.
Over at Model View Culture, Adam Saunders interviews Karen Sandler, executive director of the Software Freedom Conservancy (SFC) and formerly the executive director of the GNOME Foundation. Sandler talks about SFC, the Outreach Program for Women, as well as being a cyborg: "I was diagnosed with a heart condition and needed a pacemaker/defibrillator, and none of the device manufacturers would let me see the source code that was to be literally sewn into my body and connected to my heart. My life relies on the proper functioning of software every day, and I have no confidence that it will. The FDA generally doesn't review the source code of medical devices nor can the public. But multiple researchers have shown that these devices can be maliciously hacked, with fatal consequences. Once you start considering medical devices, you quickly start to realize that it's all kinds of software that is life and society-critical - cars, voting machines, stock markets... It's essential that our software be safe, and the only way we can realistically expect that to be the case over time is by ensuring that our software is free and open. If there's catastrophic failure at Medtronic (the makers of my defibrillator), for example, I wouldn't be able to fix a bug in my own medical device."
Fedora has updated firefox (F20: multiple vulnerabilities).
Oracle has updated dovecot (OL7: denial of service), firefox (OL7; OL7; OL5: multiple vulnerabilities), gnutls (OL7: two vulnerabilities), httpd (OL7; OL6; OL5: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.6.0-openjdk (OL7; OL7: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.7.0-openjdk (OL7; OL7: multiple vulnerabilities), json-c (OL7: two denial of service flaws), kernel (OL7; OL6: two privilege escalations), kernel (OL7: multiple vulnerabilities), kernel (OL7:privilege escalation), libtasn1 (OL7: three vulnerabilities), libvirt (OL7: information disclosure/denial of service), lzo (OL7: denial of service/possible code execution), mariadb (OL7: multiple unspecified vulnerabilities), nss, nspr (OL7: code execution), openssl (OL7: multiple vulnerabilities), openssl098e (OL7: man-in-the-middle attack), qemu-kvm (OL7: many vulnerabilities), qemu-kvm (OL7: code execution), samba (?:), (tomcat (OL7: three vulnerabilities), and tomcat (OL7: three vulnerabilities).
Ubuntu has updated apache2 (14.04, 12.04, 10.04: multiple vulnerabilities), jinja2 (12.04: code execution), lzo2 (14.04, 12.04: denial of service/possible code execution), and oxide-qt (14.04: multiple vulnerabilities).
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