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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
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When one thinks about the PHP language, terms like "strong typing" and "strict checking" do not normally come to mind. But, as the project works toward its next major release (to be called PHP 7), it has become embroiled in a fierce debate over the proposed addition of some simple typing features to the language. To some, PHP is growing up into a safer, better-defined language, while others see the changes as possibly destroying the character of a historically freewheeling language.
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Do you have an opinion on whether the next kernel release should be called 3.20 or 4.0? Linus is currently running a poll on Google+ to get a sense for what people would prefer. "So - continue with v3.20, because bigger numbers are sexy, or just move to v4.0 and reset the numbers to something smaller?" As of this writing, the 4.0 option appears to be winning.
SUSE has updated ntp (SLES/SLED12: multiple vulnerabilities).
Ubuntu has updated clamav (10.04: code execution).
Over at Linux Journal, Joey Bernard looks at Distro Astro, which is a Linux distribution for astronomy. It collects programs of interest to those running telescopes and planetariums, including various image collection and processing applications. "After aiming your telescope, you need to collect some images or do some astrophotography. While you can do some of this with software like KStars, you have software specifically designed to do image capture. Some, like wxAstroCapture, are specifically written for use in astronomy. With it, you can set up automatic guiding and batch image collection. You then can go have a nice hot cup of coffee while your telescope collects your data. To help you keep track of all of these observations, you can use the Observation Manager, a logging program to maintain your records."
Debian-LTS has updated postgresql-8.4 (multiple vulnerabilities).
Mageia has updated chromium-browser-stable (multiple vulnerabilities), e2fsprogs (code execution), hivex (privilege escalation), ntp (two vulnerabilities), owasp-esapi-java (crypto botch from 2013), perl-Gtk2 (code execution), and xdg-utils (code execution).
openSUSE has updated jython (13.2, 13.1: code execution from 2013).
Scientific Linux has updated subversion (SL7: three vulnerabilities).
Ubuntu has updated postgresql-8.4, postgresql-9.1, postgresql-9.3, postgresql-9.4 (multiple vulnerabilities).
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for February 12, 2015 is available.
The free-software community has frequently advocated the development of new decentralized, federated network services—for example, promoting XMPP as an alternative to AOL Instant Messenger, StatusNet as an alternative to Twitter, or Diaspora as an alternative to Facebook. The recently launched Matrix project takes on a different service: IRC-like multi-user chat.
Greg KH has released another batch of stable kernels: 3.18.7, 3.14.33, and 3.10.69. All contain the usual set of important updates.
Debian has updated ruby1.8 (denial of service).
Last week the Red Hat developer blog looked at some changes coming with GCC5. This week's article covers how those changes will be handled in Fedora. "One consequence of this decision will be that Fedora 22 and Fedora 23 will both have GCC 5, but they’ll be fundamentally different. The C++ library (libstdc++.so) will be compatible between F22 and F23 (in fact, it will be almost exactly the same, modulo some extra patches from upstream that might be pulled into the later F23 build). The difference will be all the other DSOs that link to it. That’s important for Fedora developers to note. Specifically, FESCo’s decision means the C++ standard library headers installed by the libstdc++-devel RPM will have a different default value for the _GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI macro (0 in F22 and 1 in F23) but the libstdc++.so library will be largely the same in F22 and F23, because that library contains all the symbol definitions for both the old ABI and the new ABI, so that the same library works for both cases."
openSUSE has updated curl (13.2, 13.1: two vulnerabilities), grep (13.2: heap buffer overrun), llvm (13.1: insecure temporary files), openvas-manager (13.2: sql injection), and rsync (13.2, 13.1: code execution).
Version 8 of the ownCloud server is available. "This new release brings improved sharing and collaboration between clouds and introduces faster ways of getting at your files with favorites and improved search." See the feature page for details.
Debian-LTS has updated krb5 (multiple vulnerabilities), libxml2 (regression/incomplete fix in previous update), ntp (multiple vulnerabilities), sympa (information disclosure), unzip (two vulnerabilities), and wpasupplicant (command execution).
Fedora has updated e2fsprogs (F21: code execution), jasper (F21; F20: two vulnerabilities), kernel (F20: two vulnerabilities), mantis (F21; F20: multiple vulnerabilities), maradns (F20: security hardening), postgresql (F21: multiple vulnerabilities), and websvn (F21; F20: information disclosure).
Gentoo has updated adobe-flash (multiple vulnerabilities), antiword (denial of service), bind (denial of service), libav (multiple vulnerabilities), libevent (code execution), mediawiki (multiple vulnerabilities), nginx (information disclosure), and tcpdump (multiple vulnerabilities).
Mageia has updated flash-player-plugin (multiple vulnerabilities).
openSUSE has updated flash-player (13.2, 13.1; 11.4: multiple vulnerabilities), privoxy (13.2, 13.1: multiple vulnerabilities), unzip (13.2, 13.1: code execution), virtualbox (13.2, 13.1: multiple vulnerabilities), and vorbis-tools (13.2, 13.1: denial of service).
Red Hat has updated flash-plugin (RHEL5,6: multiple vulnerabilities).
SUSE has updated flash-player (SLE12: multiple vulnerabilities) and flash-player, flash-player-gnome, flash-player-kde4 (SLE11 SP3: multiple vulnerabilities).
Linus has released the 3.19 kernel, saying "while I was tempted a couple of times to do an rc8, there really wasn't any reason for it." Significant changes in 3.19 include support for the Altera Nios II processor architecture, device tree overlay support, the ability to attach eBPF programs to sockets, disk scrubbing and replacement for RAID 5 and 6 in the Btrfs filesystem, the execveat() system call, and much more.
Version 2.21 of the GNU C library is available. This release includes a lot of bug fixes, a wide range of architecture-specific performance and functionality improvements, and a new semaphore implementation. "Previous custom assembly implementations of semaphore were difficult to reason about or ensure that they were safe. The new version of semaphore supports machines with 64-bit or 32-bit atomic operations."
The calls for proposals (CFPs) for Linux Plumbers Conference microconferences and refereed track presentations are now up. The conference will be held August 19-21 in Seattle, WA, co-located (and overlapping one day) with LinuxCon North America.
Here's an extensive review of Samsung's first Tizen-based phone on ars technica. They are not overly impressed. "New OSes always have problems, usually with app selection and hardware availability, but they're supposed to make up for their ecosystem problems by bringing something new to the table. Windows Phone had a new interface style. Blackberry 10 devices have a small but vocal built-in fanbase, well-made hardware with physical keyboards, and lots of enterprise experience. But Tizen doesn't have any stand-out aspect. It's all the negatives of a new OS without any of the positives."
CentOS has updated mariadb (C7: multiple vulnerabilities).
Gentoo has updated mpg123 (code execution).
Mandriva has updated aircrack-ng (BS1: multiple vulnerabilities), binutils (BS1: multiple vulnerabilities), bugzilla (BS1: command injection), busybox (BS1: arbitrary module loading), jasper (BS1: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.7.0-openjdk (BS1: multiple vulnerabilities), libvirt (BS1: information leak), php (BS1: multiple vulnerabilities), python-django (BS1: multiple vulnerabilities), and vorbis-tools (BS1: denial of service).
Red Hat has updated java-1.5.0-ibm (RHEL5,6: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.6.0-ibm (RHEL5,6: multiple vulnerabilities), java-1.7.0-ibm (RHEL5: multiple vulnerabilities), and java-1.7.1-ibm (RHEL6,7: multiple vulnerabilities).
The developer of the CrunchBang Linux distribution has announced that the project has come to an end. "That said, when progress happens, some things get left behind, and for me, CrunchBang is something that I need to leave behind. I’m leaving it behind because I honestly believe that it no longer holds any value, and whilst I could hold on to it for sentimental reasons, I don’t believe that would be in the best interest of its users, who would benefit from using vanilla Debian."
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